North Cornwall in summer 1954
The real St Merryn is a village near Padstow in north Cornwall. It never had a railway though; the model is of a fictitious station which replaces Padstow station as the terminus of the ex-LSWR North Cornwall line. This has been done partly in order to give greater modelling scope, but also because the Group did not have sufficient space to build a scale model of Padstow!
The model is set in the summer of 1954, a time when the vast majority of the British public took the train to their summer holiday destination.
St Merryn in 1954 would have been on the Southern Region of British Railways and been previously a Southern Railway and originally a London & South Western Railway station.
The station building and goods shed are based on those of Padstow station, as is much of the traffic and rolling stock used. Elements from Ilfracombe and Dorchester may also be recognised by the expert.
Passenger services consist of Southern Region local trains to and from Okehampton and Exeter, with through coaches to and from London Waterloo; Bodmin is served by Western Region (formerly Great Western Railway) local trains as well as those of the Southern Region. This service pattern is consistent with Padstow at the time. Freight traffic is appropriate to serve the needs of a small town, but is significantly enhanced by the existence of a small harbour served by a rail connection and also by the nearby Royal Naval Air Station (then a training base).
The layout is operated to a sequence which aims to portray typical services and movements on the North Cornwall line, albeit not in the correct proportion of local trains to longer-distance services.
A feature of the real railway was the inefficient (by current standards) usage of rolling stock, whereby strengthening coaches were used on certain trains, for example to cater for schools traffic, but otherwise remained out of use for lengthy periods. The resultant shunting of coaches to and from sidings is replicated on the model.
Another feature of North Cornwall line services was a number of very tight timings between the arrival of one service and departure of the next. This is replicated on the model by the immediate shunting of an arrival to the shunting neck, to permit quick entry of the subsequent departure into the platform road.
Download a copy of the handout we provide at exhibitions (PDF)